Acute Pulmonary Edema
Pulmonary edema is a condition caused by excess fluid in the lungs. This fluid collects in the numerous air sacs in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe. ... Pulmonary Edema that develops suddenly (acute pulmonary edema) is a medical emergency requiring immediate care.
- Pain areas: in the chest
- Respiratory: shortness of breath on lying down, fast breathing, rapid breathing, shallow breathing, or wheezing
- Whole body: fatigue or sweating
- Also common: coughing, water retention, or fast heart rate
Pulmonary edema is often caused by congestive heart failure. When the heart is not able to pump efficiently, blood can back up into the veins that take blood through the lungs. As the pressure in these blood vessels increases, fluid is pushed into the air spaces (alveoli) in the lungs.