Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is a disease characterized by a triad of hemolytic anemia (anemia caused by destruction of red blood cells), acute kidney failure (uremia), and a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia).
- Bloody diarrhea.
- Decreased urination or blood in the urine.
- Abdominal pain, vomiting and occasionally fever.
- Small, unexplained bruises or bleeding from the nose and mouth.
- Fatigue and irritability.
- Confusion or seizures.
- High blood pressure.
The most common cause of hus — particularly in children under the age of 5 — isinfection with e. coli bacteria that produce certain toxins (shiga toxin-producing e. coli or stec). One such strain of e. coli is known as e. coli o157:h7. Other strains of e. coli have also been linked to hus .